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作者:郑树棠 编


 Unit 1   Text A

Ex.1  Understanding the text

1Because he is tired of listening to his father and he is not interested in grammar rules.

2The civilization of Greece and the glory of Roman architecture are so marvelous and remarkable that they should be described at least in a brief account; however, what the student could do was only one single utterance :whoa! without any any specific comment.

3Because the schools fail to set high standards of language proficiency. They only teach a little grammar and less advanced vocabulary. And the younger teachers themselves have little knowledge of the vital structures of language.

4Because teaching grammar is not an easy job and most of the students will easily get bored if its not properly dealt with.

5He familiarized his son with different parts of speech in a sentence and discussed their specific grammatical functions including how to use adverbs to describe verbs.

6Because the son had never heard about the various names and functions of words in an English sentence before.

7The author uses road mapand carto describe grammar and vocabulary. Here,road mapis considered as grammar and caras vocabulary.

8Since the subjunctive mood his son used is a fairly advanced grammar structure, the interjectionwhoa!reflects the tremendous pride the father had toward his son; it also reflects the authors humor in using the word because it was once used by his student, though in two different situations and with two different feelings.


Ex.3  Words in use

1.condense   2.exceed     3.deficit    4.exposure    5.asset 

6.adequate   7.competent  8.adjusting  9.precisely  10.beneficial


Ex.4  Word building

-al/-ial:  managerial/editorial/substance/survival/tradition/margin

-cy   :  consistency/accuracy/efficient

-y    :  recovery/ministry/assembly


Ex.5  Word building

1.editorial   2.recovery   3.accuracy    4.substance    5.managerial

6.margin  7.assembly  8.Ministry  9.survival  10.tradition  11.consistency   12.efficient


Ex.6  Banked cloze

1-5:  L C J A I          6-10:  O N E H F

Ex.7  Expressions in use

1.feel obliged to  2.be serious about  3.run into  4.distinguish between  5.thrust upon   6.was allergic to   7.get lost  8.be attracted to  9.make sense   10.looked upon as


Ex.8  Structured writing

Some bookworms in my dormitory often spend hours reading their “Bible”, Practical English Grammar, and do a lot of exercises in that book , but I don’t care about it at all. My assumption is since I have never learned Chinese grammar, what’s the sense of learning English grammar? In fact, English grammar has always been a big headache to me.

English grammar is very complicated because, unlike Chinese, there are many verb tenses. Even stranger than verb tenses, English grammar also contains something very confusing. For example, I don’t remember how many times my middle school teacher tried to“impose”the differences between used to and be used to on us. Sometimes he would go on with the explanation for 20 minutes or so. He even summarized the differences by listing three or four points for us to memorize. However, they could never stay in my head . I don’t remember how many times I got it wrong with the sentences containing used to or be used to on my exams . I was really confused with these two phrases,and I can never get them right.

In brief, I’m allergic to learning English grammar. Curiously, I just wonder if the native speakers of English have a microcomputer in their brain to help them utter the two phrases promptly with just a click of their brain mouse!


Ex.9  E-C Translation



Ex.10  C-E Translation

Chinese calligraphy is a unique art and the unique art treasure in the world. The formation and development of the Chinese calligraphy is closely related to the emergence and evolution of Chinese characters. In this long evolutionary process, Chinese characters have not only played an important role in exchanging ideas and transmitting culture but also developed into a unique art form. Calligraphic works well reflect calligraphers’ personal feelings, knowledge, self-cultivation, personality, and so forth, thus there is an expression that “seeing the calligrapher’s handwriting is like seeing the person”. As one of the treasures of Chinese culture, Chinese calligraphy shines splendidly in the world’s treasure house of culture and art. 


Unit 1

Text B

2. Understanding the text

D.   2. A   3. C   4. A   5. C   6. B   7. C    8. D 


4. Words in use

mysterious   2. desperate   3.  devise    4. negotiate   5.  recalled

6. specifically    7. depict      8. Ignorance    9. Expand    10 confusion 



5. Expressions in use

apply to     2. in a bid to      3.  end up         4. speaking of 

5.  get hold of   6. appealed to   7. leaving ..behind     8. focus on


EX. 6  Sentence structure


even though it is important of the students to have a deep understanding of the texts, it doesn’t make any sense to read texts word for word from the beginning to the end

as it is a matter of little importance to us, it doesn’t make much sense to argue out which is wrong or right or which is better or worse

it makes no sense to compel children to obey their parents; instead, we should try to tell them what is right and what is wrong.


EX. 7.

II might as well have stayed at home.

We might as well have taken the train home

So he might as well have told me all about it .




essential framework     2. distinctive difference      3 high standards 

 4 valuable possessions     5 considerable frustration      6 acquire knowledge   

 7 overcome deficiencies    8 sketch thoughts             9 devise a scheme

Ex. 8

1 essential framework    2 proper vocabulary   3 excellent control  4 language deficit

5 high standards        6 language proficiency  7 acquire knowledge

 8 competent communication   9 overcome deficiencies       10 sketch thoughts

 11 effective communication     12 advanced vocabulary


郑树棠 编


  • Unit1