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Unit 1 The Way to Success


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书名:新视野大学英语3(第三版) 读写教程

作者:郑秋棠

出版社:外语教学与研究出版社



Unit 1 The Way to Success

Section A

1 Understanding the text.

1 He achieved fame for his wit, wisdom, civic duty, and abundant courage.

2 They were thought to be slow learners in childhood, but they overcame their childhood difficulties and made magnificent discoveries that benefit the entire world today.

3 His strong will.

4 It means to keep their focus on achieving a positive end result, instead of letting small problems get in the way of good results.

5 Because they have the will to overcome profound obstacles and to work diligently in the pursuit of their goals, and have the passion for success.

6 Because firms preferred to hire less qualified men rather than risk hiring a female lawyer, which was unprecedented.

7 We should never give up on our dream, and one day we can change the world and make it a better place.

8 The secret of success is built upon a burning inward desire---a robust, fierce will and focus---that fuels the determination to act, to keep preparing, to keep going even when we are tired and fail.

 

2 Critical thinking

1 You may have tried and failed many times before you finally get success. But it does not matter. What matters is whether you can summon up(鼓起)all your courage again and again to face the hardships standing in the way of success.

2 Luck, talent, good relationships with your colleagues, etc.

3 When I have realized that I am pursuing something that is hard to achieve, I would try to stick to the goal. But l will begin to think of what I can do to improve the situation. When it still doesn't work, I would try to analyze what the problem is and then make some changes and probably reset my goal. Yes, sometimes we are pursuing the wrong goal which can never be achieved, only to find ourselves in deep frustration and profound fatigue. In this situation, I may give up the wrong goal and set up another goal that is achievable.

4 Following the guidance of senior people.

Getting sound advice from our parents.

Setting a correct goal.

Achieving success step by step.

Developing good interpersonal relationships.

Language focus

3 Words in use

l whereby 2 pursuit 3 inhibit 4 maintain 5 patriotic 6 transcended 7 endeavors 8 dedication 9 prestige 10 nominate

4 Word building

Words learned    New words formed

-ant

inhabitant       inhabit

participate      participant

attend          attendant

pollute         pollutant

descend         descendant

contest         contestant

tolerate        tolerant

result          resultant

-ful

neglect         neglectful

resource        resourceful

boast           boastful

respect         respectful

5

l resultant  2 tolerant 3 pollutants  4 inhabited  5 contestants 6 descendants 7 attendants 8 respectful 9 participants 10 neglectful

11 resourceful   12 boastful

 

6 Banked cloze

1 F  2 G  3 H  4 J  5 E  6 A  7 N  8 I  9 K  l0 M

 

7 Expressions in use

l removed from  2 failed in  3 in the pursuit of  4 deviated from 5 precludes; from 6 triumph over  7 work their way into  8 written off

 

9 Translation

世界公民是指一个人承认自己是新兴的全球社区的一分子,而且其行动对全球社区的价值打造和实践活动有所贡献。世界公民相信人类从本质上来说是一个整体,任何个人都有改变事物的能力。在我们这样一个相互依赖的世界中,世界公民意识鼓励我们认识到对彼此的责任,并从对方身上学习。世界公民关心全球的教育、疾病、贫穷和环境问题。在当今,全球合作的力量在使一些人萌发世界公民的意识,让他们拥有对全球社区的归属感。这种不断发展的世界公民意识在很大程度上来讲,要归功于现代信息、通信和交通技术的力量世界公民意识致力于给予人们力量,让他们付诸行动,世界公民除了要从世界问题中学习知识和价值观,还要拥有必需的技能,使他们拥有能力和自信,积极推动世界的发展。

 

Nowadays, many young people no longer choose "stable" jobs. Instead, they prefer to start their own businesses and realize their self-value through their own wisdom and efforts. Young entrepreneurship is the source of national economic vitality in the future. The success of entrepreneurs not only creates fortune, increases job opportunities, improves people's life, but it is also good for the country in the long term. Entrepreneurs are a driving force in upgrading China's economy. Especially for the time being, our country is encouraging people to start their own businesses and make innovations and giving policy support for medium and small businesses. This further arouses young people's enthusiasm to start their own businesses.

 

Section B

1

2 Denotation: a large project, especially one that is difficult Connotation: Les Brown took his dream as an enterprise, a lifelong career, to which he attached great importance. At the same time, to become a DJ was by no means an easy job.


3 Denotation: take in or absorb liquid Connotation: Soak up implies that Les Brown was eager to seize every chance to learn something new in order to be better prepared to become a DJ in the future.


4 Denotation: take or hold sb./sth. with your hand suddenly Connotation: Grab in this context means to pick up the phone in a very quick movement, implying a sense of anxiety.


5 Denotation: turn over into a different position with a sudden quick movement Connotation: Flip shows that Les Brown had become quite familiar with the machine because he practiced a lot in his free time.


6 Denotation: move, drive or push forward or in a particular direction  Connotation: Propel here suggests that Les Brown was driven to go forward by his strong determination and adequate preparation.


2

    1 C   2 B   3 A   4 D   5 D   6 B   7 C   8 D

3 (OPEN)

    1 indulge   2 propelling   3 aggravated   4 dazzled   5 alleviating 6 renowned   7 eloquent   8 destined   9 scorned   10 applause

5

     1 up   2 in   3 on   4 up   5 to/for   6 on   7 as   8 out

    1 He always prefers to start early rather than leave everything to the last minute.

    2 She prefers to be the boss, to be in charge and to organize others rather than be organized by someone whom she may not even rate very highly

    3 My brother preferred to take the whole blame himself rather than allow it to fall on the innocent.

7

1 Try as he would

2 Search as they would

3 Try as we might

Collocation

Warm-up

1 1) repeated   2) overwhelming   3) immense

2 1) heroic   2) sound   3) substantial

3 1) attained   2) fueled   3) achieve

8

1 sudden opportunity   2 immense obstacles   3 amazing determination

4 profound difficulties   5 overwhelming failures   6 poverty-stricken

7 substantial hardships   8 repeated misfortunes   9 sheer persistence

10 dazzle…audience   11 achieve fame   12 strong will